Nitrider gas springs are surface-treated using the best possible rust protection. The tube is painted semi-matte black, and the piston rod has been given a plasma nitride treatment that makes the surface extremely hardwearing and provides optimal rust protection.
Gas springs are manufactured in many varieties including:
- Standard cylinder
- Fixed-height cylinder
- Spindle only
- Cable cylinder
- Stage cylinder
- Non-rotating cylinder
- Return cylinder (no height adjustment)
- Auto-return cylinder with height adjustment
- Bouncing cylinder
- Dual-mode cylinder
- Heavy duty cylinder
Ø1 = Piston Rod diameter
Ø2 = Tube diameter
L1 = Stroke
L2 = Unloaded length between thread
L3 = Tube length excl. thread
L4 = Total unloaded length piston rod diameter with thread
L5 = Unloaded length with thread
LG1 = Thread length, Tube
LG2 = T hread length, piston rod
G1 = Thread, tube
G2 = Thread, piston rod
R1 = End fitting, tube – measurement from thread to centre of fitting
R2 = End fitting, pistonrod – measurement fromthread to centre of fitting
Which size gas spring should i choose?
1-10kg / 10-100N
5-40kg / 50-400N
10-65kg / 100-650N
15-120kg / 150-1200N
15-250kg / 150-2500N
The piston diameter should be chosen on the basis of the chart shown above.
Gas springs contain nitrogen gas under high pressure. This is a type of gas that cannot burn or explode, nor is it toxic if inhaled. No attempt must be made, in any circumstances, to take the gas spring apart or to refill it – this is extremely risky due to the high pressure! Do not burn, puncture, squash or dent the gas spring, and do not weld the surface of the cylinder. Do not scratch, paint or bend the piston.
Fitting And Use
Never use gas springs as a safety device. If damage to a gas spring could result in personal injury, provision must be made for this by means of a safety device. Alternatively, use a safety gas spring. Call for further information.
Gas springs must be stored and fitted with the piston pointing downwards and at 45 degrees to the horizontal. This is important, as this fitting will ensure that internal glands will remain lubricated by the oil inside the gas spring.
If a gas spring is fitted horizontally or with the piston upwards, the oil will run out of the glands, and thus wear and leaking glands will be the result of incorrect fitting. For each fitting you must ensure that there is no sideways deflection or other forces that will affect the gas spring in any way other than free axial movement in the gas spring’s longitudinal direction.
Always use the shortest possible travel, and select the biggest possible cylinder diameter – this increases durability. Long thin gas springs will be considerably weaker than short fat ones.
Always fit stainless steel gas springs in places exposed to a damp environment or for use in the food industry. Note that the oil in the gas spring is not approved for use in the food industry.
Do not, therefore, fit gas springs directly over production, as a worn gas spring can leak oil. There is no need to lubricate the piston, as the spring is maintenance-free. Do not expose the gas spring to vibrations.
Gas springs are designed to perform no more than 5 strokes per minute at 20 °C. If this is exceeded, there will be a build-up of heat inside the gas spring that may result in leaky glands. Gas springs are designed to keep to 30,000 movements when fitted correctly.
It is recommended that physical stops always be used in constructions. This will ensure that the gas spring is not used with loads in excess of those for which it was designed. Movement of the gas spring is only dampened for the last section against the full extension of the piston.
Gas springs will lose pressure slightly over time, compared with the original pressure at the time they were fitted. A pressure loss of up to 10% may be expected.
It is recommended that you continue to ensure that the function of the gas spring complies with construction requirements. If in doubt, replace the gas spring. It is recommended that both gas springs be replaced if they work in pairs. A variation in pressure in gas springs working in pairs will result in a shorter service life for the gas springs.
Our gas springs work best in temperatures between -30 °C and +80 °C. Using the springs in temperatures close to those limits will produce an altered force, and maximal usage cannot be recommended. The compressed force of the gas springs is higher than the force in the extended position. The end force Fn is calculated by multiplying the initial force by the force quotient of the gas spring in question. Gas springs are filled at 20 °C, and the initial force is therefore measured at 20 °C. The force will change by approximately 3-3.5% per 10 °C. Tolerances on extended length dimensions are +/-2 mm.